Protect Yourself from Social Engineering Attacks

The people involved in the security systems of an organization are often found to be the weak link, and are consequently targeted by hackers and conmen for confidential information. This process of mental manipulation is called social engineering. In this article, we will study what social engineering is, its types, and the methods that one can use to protect against such attacks.
The Trojan Horse
The use of the wooden horse statue by the Greeks to invade Troy is arguably the oldest social engineering attack known to man. This method of making the Trojan to allow their destroyers get right into the homes of Troy is considered to be so clever, that an entire section of malware has been named after it.
Social Engineering Attacks
What is Social Engineering?
The art of psychologically manipulating people so that they give up confidential/sensitive information is known as social engineering. These are non-technical attacks, which rely on fooling people into deviating from regular security procedures. People engaging in this criminal act either target individuals for things such as bank information and passwords, or they might target the employees of entire organizations for sensitive corporate information, which they can then use to make a lot of quick money in the market.The use of social engineering has increased drastically, because it is much more difficult to hack into someone’s software/password than it is to win their trust and exploit them to gain information that is wanted. No matter how technically sound the security chain might be, information is always susceptible to attack if the people involved with the information are vulnerable. The key to protecting oneself from such fraud is to develop a good sense of who and what to trust. The various types of social engineering that one can be targeted with are based on common attributes of the human thought process while making decisions. The various biases that a human may have towards a person or a situation are exploited in an endless list of combinations, some of which we will look at below.

Types of Social Engineering
Pretexting: This is one of the most common threats of social engineering, in which conmen create an imaginary scenario to interact with the targeted person in such a way that the person would voluntarily give out information or perform certain actions, which he/she would not do in ordinary circumstances. This technique is carried out by first finding out information about the targeted person or organization through documents such as discarded bank/financial statements, which is then used to convince the target that the conman has a sense of authority.

This technique can also be used by impersonating people like the police, tax officials, or insurance investigators, who in the mind of the victim have a right to know about the information. The conman simply does a little research to satisfactorily answer questions asked by the victims, behaves earnestly and authoritatively, and extracts information with quick thinking and manipulation of the situation.

Baiting: This technique uses the greed or curiosity of the target. Usually, the criminal uses some form of physical media like a CD or pen drive, which is given a legitimate but interesting label. It is then purposely left in a place like a restroom or elevator, where it is sure to be found by someone. When any person finds the CD, he/she is expected to get curious about the label and the data that it contains. However, on inserting the CD into a computer, they unknowingly install malware into the system, which could give the attacker unrestricted access, not only to that computer, but also to the company’s internal network.

Tailgating: In this method, the attacker’s intention is to gain entry into a restricted area of large organizations. If the area is guarded by electronic access systems, like electronic employee ID cards, the attacker just walks behind a legitimate employee having access to the area. Usually, the real employee will hold the door open for the attacker as courtesy, as he/she may think that the attacker is a part of the organization. They might forget to ask the attacker for identification, or may assume that he has misplaced his ID. The attacker might also display a fake ID, giving him access to any place that he may want to go.

Quid Pro Quo: In this technique, the attacker randomly calls telephone numbers at the targeted company, posing as a member of the technical assistance staff, and asking if there is any problem with the computer systems. Eventually, the attacker will find someone having a genuine problem, and will help solve the issue, all the while getting the distressed employee to unknowingly type in commands which will give the attacker access to the network, or put in a malware in the computer.

Phishing: This is another popular method used by criminals to fraudulently obtain private information about a person. The scam is run by either sending an email or making a phone call to the target. The email/phone call is designed to appear like legitimate correspondence from real businesses, like banks or credit card companies. If such an email is received, it will have links to a webpage with seemingly legit logos and company content, and a form which will request all kinds of details, such as PIN numbers or addresses, for alleged verification purposes.

In phone calls, a bogus interactive voice response (IVR) system prompts the target to call a supposed bank number, where a lot of information is asked for verification purposes. These systems work by appearing to reject login IDs and passwords entered by the victim, so that the information is entered multiple times. Some systems even transfer your call to the attacker, who gains information by acting as a representative from the customer service department.

Social Engineering Examples
Example 1: In 2011, a security company ironically had a breach in their security system, which the attacker accessed using social engineering. Over a couple of days, two phishing emails were sent to low-level employees of the firm. The subject of these emails was ‘2011 recruitment plan’. Eventually, one curious employee opened the excel attachment, which contained a malware, giving access to the attacker by a loophole in Adobe Flash software. The breach cost the company over USD 60 million.

Example 2: In 2013, a Chinese cyber-espionage group named ‘Hidden Lynx’ made several attacks on the digital code signing certificates of security companies. The group infected sites, which were accessed regularly by the target companies with malware, and gained access to the company network and networks of some of their clients.

Example 3: A bank in Belgium was robbed of diamonds and other gems worth over 21 million Euros in 2007 by a mysterious man, who is still at large. But what set this robbery apart from the others was that, the thief used only his charm and wit to do the job, despite the bank’s great security system. He visited the bank during business hours, became very friendly with the staff, brought them small gifts like chocolates, all the while making copies of the keys and finding information on where the jewels were. Finally, when the theft was found out, the employees could not believe that such a nice man could do such a terrible thing.

Social engineering attacks prey on the nature of humans to be helpful and trusting, and many individuals are unaware of how these attacks look like. Even if the employees of a company are trained to spot such frauds, third-party contacts can still compromise security. Therefore, such attacks are difficult to prevent completely. However, in order to make it difficult for social engineers and discourage them from attacking, some preventive measures need to be taken.

Measures to Prevent Social Engineering Attacks

-It is important to assess how much knowledge an individual or employees of the organization have about security, so that adequate training can be imparted to fill in the gaps in their knowledge.
-Training should be provided in small pieces rather than as a whole, so that it is easily understood.
-Using simulated attacks of likely fraudulent scenarios will help in identifying the signs of social engineering.
-Using advanced systems of security and different passwords for different accounts is very important.
-Regularly checking personal data, account details, and making requisite upgrades to security is very helpful.
-Keep security questions creative, and completely abstain from giving out personal information over the phone or email.
-Restrict information that can pass out of the organization, and never allow unauthorized guests to be unsupervised in areas with network access.
-Make sure that employees are trained to politely question people they don’t know, about their presence in the office premises, and ensure that regular sessions and talks about security issues are held, so the problem of social engineering is always fresh in the minds of the employees.
-Employees should be provided with an effective centralized system for reporting suspicious behavior, which will have a good chance of detecting social engineering patterns, and preventing disasters from taking place.

This list of preventive measures is by no means a complete one. However, it is hoped that the article has given you some food for thought. Social engineering attacks occur on a daily basis, and it is important that awareness is maintained, so that one does not give out information just because the attacker asked for it nicely.

Why is Internet Safety Important?

Internet SafetyThere’s nothing new about hackers breaking into systems, or fraudulent acts, like identity theft and piracy, in the cyberspace. If at all there is something to be worried about, it is the rate at which these things are happening of late and that’s why it’s necessary to know why Internet safety is important.

With the escalating popularity and usability of the Internet, it is only normal that issues like Internet security or Internet safety are being discussed. Other than hackers and spammers, even pedophiles (online predators) and cyber-terrorists are lurking on the Internet in search of easy prey. If you are wondering why everybody is increasingly talking about Internet security and the need to ensure Internet safety while surfing the virtual world, some information on the threats that you are likely to face in the cyberspace will help you get rid of your doubts.

Why is Internet Safety So Important?

In order to understand why you need to safeguard your privacy and maintain Internet safety standards, it is very important to be aware of the dangers or risks associated with unsecured Internet access. So let’s discuss some of the most common issues in Internet safety:

Unauthorized Network Access or Hacking
Unauthorized access is one of the major threats as far as Internet safety is concerned. Network security consists of the provisions made in an underlying computer network infrastructure to protect the network and the network-accessible resources from unauthorized access. Hacking means people can get unauthorized access to your account, computer, or network. Once they have the access to your account, they have complete control over all your transactions, and can misuse your account for illegal or objectionable purposes. A hacker getting access to your online banking account is as good as a robber getting access to your safe.

In March 2012, FBI Director, Robert Mueller revealed that hacking would overshadow terrorism as the biggest threat for the nation in the near future. While 50 per cent of the hacking cases in the US are attributed to hacktivism, a whopping 40 per cent are attributed to cybercrimes.

Phishing, Email Frauds, and Spamming
Phishing refers to the cases of online scams wherein people fraudulently acquire sensitive information by posing as a trustworthy entity via email or instant messaging. Often this information can include your important financial as well as personal contact details. The information can then be used for several illegal purposes, which, in turn, can put you in trouble. At times, this information is collected and sold to online advertisers as well. Online scams, which involve requests for your bank account numbers, passwords, or any other sensitive information, are a menace over the Internet. Spamming might be relatively harmless, but it is just as annoying since it floods your mailbox with unwanted advertising. Spammers are also likely to sell your address and phone numbers, as a result of which you might end up getting bombarded with telemarketing calls and snail mail at times.

RSA Security LLC, formerly known as RSA, is a reputed computer and network security company based in the United States. If the data revealed by them in July 2012 is to be believed, the worldwide monetary losses from phishing alone accounted for over US$687 million in the first half of 2012. Similarly, Google Transparency Report reveals that the search engine giant flags around 10,000 websites as unsafe on a daily basis because of phishing and malware.

Sexual Abuse, Pedophiles, and Pornography
The Internet is not just flooded with illegal pornographic content, but is also full of sexual predators on a lookout for easy prey. There are several cases of pedophiles trapping children via chat and web cams, bullying them into meeting in person, and abusing them. Internet pornography is a major threat for the people who frequently keep on posting their photographs and videos over the Internet, since these can be misused and even posted on pornographic sites.

In 1998, the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children started the CyberTipline (1-800-843-5678) to help people report crimes against children. Since its inception, it has received more than 1.7 million reports of suspected child sexual exploitation. Furthermore, between 2004 and 2008, the law enforcement agencies working on Internet Crimes Against Children recorded a rise of 230 percent in the number of documented complaints of online enticement.

Cyberterrorism – A Threat to National Security
Several government websites contain important information, which is either uploaded over the Internet or stored in their database. These websites are vulnerable to security threats since many people try to break into security systems to access undisclosed matters of national importance. Almost every major terror group uses the Internet today, primarily as a propaganda tool and also as a means of communication. Cyber-terrorists can also bring down the infrastructure, which is more or less dependent on the Internet today, to spread panic in the world. While cyberterrorism is definitely a threat, criminal activities (e.g. Internet extortion) and nuisance attacks (e.g. email bombing) are also rampant in the virtual world.

Ways to Ensure Internet Safety

Secure Your Network
Taking into account how vulnerable we are to cybercrimes, having strong firewall protection for the network is a must today. In case you want to secure your network for your home PC, you need a basic firewall, anti-virus software, anti-spyware software, and a robust password in case of wireless connections. In case you have a medium business, you would need a strong firewall and all the previously mentioned parameters with the addition of physical security and a network analyzer. In case of large businesses, you would require stronger Internet security software and security fencing in addition to the network analyzers.

Be Responsible
Internet safety is not just about making your network secure, but is also about being responsible when you are online. You should not upload your pictures and videos on social networking sites that do not provide strong privacy settings. Make sure that you go through the website’s privacy policy and also resort to the most stringent privacy settings for your social networking profile. Do not accept friends/chat request from strangers. Anonymous surfing is yet another safety measure that–though simple–can help you secure your Internet.

Make Internet Child-safe
It is safe to educate your children about the possible dangers of the Internet and supervise their online activities for a while, but your children might get a wrong impression if they realize that you are spying on their online activities. This is where cyber security software and hardware come to you rescue. It is possible to make Internet child-safe by using software which allows you block websites which are not ideal for children. An even better option is to have a healthy relationship with your children. It will help you discuss the dos and don’ts of the Internet with them, without sounding preachy.

Internet safety or Internet security is an important issue that needs to be dealt with for safeguarding the security and privacy over the World Wide Web. With Internet security threats, like hacking, phishing, spyware and virus attacks, identity thefts, cyberbullying, child pornography, etc., becoming commonplace, it is high time you resort to smart-surfing and protect your computer and your data online.

Detect and Remove Spyware from Your iPhone

Remove Spyware from Your iPhoneThese days, there is no need to hire a private detective to know the whereabouts and linkups of a person, thanks to the release of the alarmingly high rate of phone spyware. This article will tell you how to detect and remove spyware from an iPhone.
Jailbreak in iPhone
Jailbreaking is a method in which you run modified firmware on the iPhone, which otherwise, the iOS doesn’t allow you to access due to potential malware. Jailbreaking allows the user to run unsigned software on his iPhone. Spyware is installed on iPhone through jailbreaks.

This article is for all those people whose iPhone is being accessed by their jealous or possessive significant other, or by a friend, boss, or relative who has always been nosy into their private affairs. There is a great possibility of your iPhones being jailbroken, in order to use it to spy on you.Installing spyware on an iPhone can provide access to the victim’s text messages, call logs, e-mails, banking passwords, and even the current location can be traced with a spyware.

Technology has improved and upgraded to such an extent that these days, people don’t even know by whom are they being watched. Did you know that people who secretively install spyware software on the phone, are in most cases, the ones whom the victim trusted the most and least expected to spy on his or her private life? The fact that iPhone does not have any software, which can detect such spyware, is all the more threatening.

But hey, relax! Here we will not only tell you how to understand if your iPhone is being used to spy on you, but also methods for removing spyware from your iPhone. The most important aspect while detecting spyware on an iPhone is to recall if the iPhone had physical access by a second person. Spyware can be installed by a person with an average knowledge about jailbreaking. This procedure does not take more than 5 minutes.

Signs that Your iPhone has a Spyware Installed
☞ Watch out for unexplained heating up of the iPhone even when not in use and poor battery backup in spite of frequent charging of the phone. The reason for poor battery levels is that a lot of data has to be monitored by the spyware and sent to the installer’s phone. This recedes the battery life.
☞ Check if your display screen shows a data transfer icon even when the data transfer is ticked ‘off’ and the Internet is not in use. If it does, the possibility of the spyware being installed shoots up all the more.
☞ Freezing of the iPhone, sudden shutdowns, slow restarts, excessive usage of Internet data, and huge bills for texts and calls, which don’t match the rate of utility of the iPhone, is another shout out from your phone, indicating that something’s wrong.
☞ Look for signs of jailbreak and search for the Cydia App (software which allows the jailbroken iPhone to install apps) icon on your home screen. If this app doesn’t show on the home screen, then search for it in “applications.” Nevertheless, if you yourself have jailbroken your phone in the past, then this pointer for detecting spyware should be avoided.
Show the Spyware its Way Out
☞ They say, prevention is better than cure. So, always keep your iPhone password protected. From your display screen to all the other applications, make sure that you keep everything protected with a password. And if possible, try keeping your phone to yourself and don’t let it out to people, unless there is an emergency.☞ Delete applications and programs that are not installed by you. But updating or clearing data will not solve the entire problem. Sync your data, for example, your contacts, and photos (not your applications) with iTunes. Now, with the help of iTunes, restore your data. This way, all your data and purchased applications will be restored. The reason for not syncing your applications with iTunes is that, doing so will take a backup of the spyware as well.☞ Avoid jailbreaking your iPhone. iPhones that are jailbroken are more susceptible to spyware. Always have an antivirus installed in your iPhone.

☞ To conclude on the pointers of removal of spyware from an iPhone, remember that a simple update of the iOS will paralyze the spyware, rendering it useless.
So the next time you feel that you are being spied on, you definitely know how to ward off the trouble. Removing spyware from an iPhone is easy, but we suggest that always secure your phone with tricky passwords and stay away from your possessive exes.

Find and Choose a Virus Removal Tool

Virus Removal ToolA virus removal tool will keep your computer protected from the malicious viruses that are being created constantly. Here are a few tips on finding and choosing the best one. If you have experienced a virus attack on your computer system, you will know only too well how frustrating it can be, at the very least, but more than that, it can be very harmful to the whole system. In fact, some of the malicious software that attack computer systems these days have the ability of even wrecking people’s credit ratings and stealing their identity.

But, even if we do rail and rant against them, virus attacks do happen. In fact, they have been attacking computer systems for many years, and it does not seem likely that things are going to change much in the near future. So, how do you protect your system from getting a virus attack, and ensure the security of your data?Of course, it goes without saying that one of the first things you need to do is always have an up-to-date antivirus software installed in your system. However, despite this, a virus will sometimes get through. This usually happens when there is a failure to update the software, or when the company launches a new version which results in your present one simply stopping to get updates, or when you have simply ignored all those messages from your antivirus company that you require to update your software.

So, what do you do when a virus has attacked your computer? Well, get a virus removal tool, of course. But that is easier said than done. Many people find it really confusing to choose the most effective tool. And that is quite understandable. There are just so many of them on the Internet these days, that it can often be very difficult to know which are the best ones that will do the job―of removing all those viruses on your computer system―effectively.

Here are a few tips that can help you find the best virus removal tool for your computer.

Read the Reviews and Ratings
To find the best virus removal program, make sure to read reviews of the various products and their ratings, both on the Internet as well as in various computer magazines. This is a good way to get most of the information you will require, which will help you to decide whether you want to try it out or not.

Choose One That is Free to Try
This is one of the best ways to decide whether you like it or not. If you find that it suits your needs, you can go ahead and get a full version of it. Many programs have a 30-day trial period, which is ample time to decide whether you want to buy it.

Stay Within Certain Budget Limits
In case you decide to buy a virus removal tool, see that you do not spend more than $50. There are lots of high-quality ones that are available at less than $50, while many are even offered for free.

Go for a Free Virus Removal Tool
When fast-spreading or stubborn viruses are created, in order to counter them, many antivirus vendors offer free virus removal tools. While these are not a substitute for antivirus software, if your system is already infected, they are a good alternative.

Look for Free Updates
When you search for virus removal tools, see that the program you are looking at has the facility of free updates, so that when new viruses are created your computer will be protected.

Choose a Program with Other Applications
Many programs are usually available bundled with various other applications like a registry cleaner and an anti-spyware removal tool. In case you decide to get one of these, it will certainly prove economical in the long run, since you will not have to purchase the other programs separately.

Irrespective of the virus removal tool you choose, ensure running scans regularly and updating the program often so that your computer remains protected from the ever-new viruses that are constantly being created.
Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-to-find-and-choose-a-virus-removal-tool.html

Personal Finance Software

Budgeting can be frustrating. It can be hard to keep it organized and maintained. Using personal finance software can help keep your budget straightened out. It helps keep everything organized and easy it is easy to use.

Personal finance software goes beyond the typical budget you may have. Personal finance software allows you to track your spending, track your investments and even figure out and compare long term financial prospects, like loans.

You can make charts so you can see your budget at a glance. You can also figure just about anything mathematical because the software does all the work for you.

To use personal finance software all you need to do is insert your information one time then the software will prepare your budget for each month or as you need it with all your information right there.

You can even use the personal finance software to set up a plan for a goal. You can easily track it and watch your progress. It will help keep you on track to your personal finance goals.

When choosing personal finance software you should first ensure that it is compatible with your computer and operating system. You should also make sure that it is easy to use and that you understand all of the functions and can use the program without a lot of hassle. Remember the idea of using personal finance software is to make budgeting easier.

Personal finance software comes with many features that can make it even nicer to use. Look for some of the following in the personal finance software program you choose:

– Automation – You want a program that is as automated as possible. This will cut down on the work you have to do.

– Pre-made forms – This means you have everything pre-made for you and you do not have to do anything except enter your information.

– Loan calculators – These are nice because they let you input information on different loans so you can compare and easily see which would be the best option.

– Internet compatibility – Being able to sync with the internet will allow you to keep up with your internet banking, including paying bills.

Personal finance software can make maintaining and using a budget simple. It can take the headache out of trying to manage your finances and put you back in control over your money.

Filmmaking Software

Right now, you are thinking to yourself that you have the perfect short movie and you want to show to world. But how can you do it without the proper software to do it? Yeah, you can try to do crazy camcorder tricks by stopping and replaying the functions and hoping that you get a somewhat good edited movie, but time and time again has shown that that makes any short film look ‘amateur’. Keep these tips in mind when choosing the right filmmaking software.

  • What kind of software do you need? Are you a professional in need of a manageable editing software or are you just an average guy in need of a good old film editor? Most likely you are looking for something in the middle. Nothing too difficult and complex, yet not mediocre either.
  • What is in your budget? In other words, are a spoiled rich kid that just wants a several hundred dollar software or are you like most people and just want something that delivers? Choose whats right for you. Do not buy anything that you might regret later, and vice versa.
  • What are the specifications of that particular piece of software? Will it run fine on your operating machine or will it just crash it? Do you have enough hard drive space to store the program on your computer? These are one of the more serious questions you have to ask yourself before making a purchase.
  • Finally, those this filmmaking software promises to do exactly what you need? No since in buying the software if it isn’t going to deliver on the goods.

Hopefully, you put these ideas in thought when determining on purchasing your filmmaking software. Get out there and edit away!

Buy Trading Software

The most important thing when buying trading software is to purchase a tool that your comfortable using. If you don’t understand the software or it doesn’t suit your personality it will prove challenging to succeed in online trading.

It doesn’t have to be that way. Look for providers that offer real insights into their software and how it is used to achieve consistent profits. The provider should offer plenty of support, documentation and videos to help you use the program and more importantly how to make money with it.

You also need to make sure that the provider is trustworthy, that they have been providing software to traders for a number of years and not one of the many fly by night rookie traders with some home-made software full of bugs and issues. Look for client testimonials from other users that testify the value of the software and how it has helped them.

Any provider promising huge gains or becoming a millionaire overnight is probably a scam, steer well clear of these shady characters. Any real trader will tell you to make millions from the stock market takes years, not months, it is possible to achieve, however you have to work for it. No free software or spreadsheet is going to achieve this for you.

Look for trading software based around a profitable trading strategy, one that makes sense, one that has a solid history of producing real gains. The software should tell you exactly what to buy or sell, and when. It should also tell you how much stock to buy or sell and provide you additional analysis and charts to help your trading.

Do not pay thousands of dollars for any software, it’s likely not worth it. Every good trading software should be under $500 in price and not incur any ongoing charges, do not be sucked into these high priced offers. The best trading software is provided by those who actually trade for a living using the same software being sold, you know then you are dealing with a professional and have the same objectives.

If you are looking to Buy Trading Software from a reputable developer with a proven and profitable track record.

Choosing Small Business Software

You might have the best and the most detailed business plan but unless you have the right small business software, your business will lack profitability as well as productivity.

Take accounting for example. Try and maintain all your accounts and records by hand and you will know how tedious the job can be. I am not saying that it cannot be done. It’s just that it takes too much time and requires meticulous precision.

Contrary to what most people believe, accounting software is not at all difficult to use. It is inexpensive too. So why shouldn’t your small business have accounting software?

I have heard all kind of answers to this question. Some say that it is too confusing to choose small business software. Others say they do not want to invest in training the staff to use the software.

Choose the very basic

The kind of software that you choose also depends on the size of your business. Most small businesses do not have very significant book keeping needs. Hence very basic small business software is ideal for them.

If you are outsourcing a major chunk of your accounting work, then you might have to choose a slightly advanced book keeping software. Learning to use the software properly is extremely necessary.

But nowadays, most software vendors take this into account and create extremely user friendly software. Even an amateur computer user can start using the software with as less as a few clicks.

If you have had trouble maintaining balance sheets, then consider it to be over. For small business accounting software will create sheets that will balance and highlight the errors.

Uses Galore

You can use the small business accounting software for much more than tracking the expenses and creating annual receipts. Even the most basic accounting software can generate payrolls, manage your taxes, print out various important forms and keep a track of the bills.

Types of Computer Security

Computer security is that branch of information technology which deals with the protection of data on a network or a stand-alone desktop. As every organization is dependent on computers, the technology of its security requires constant development. Here are the different types of computer security.
Hardware Security

Threat
Even if the computer is not plugged into a network, a person can open its cabinet and gain access to the hard drives, steal them and misuse or destroy the data saved on them or, damage the device altogether. It is also necessary to remember that in case one dissembles his computer hardware, the risk of losing coverage of warranty becomes very high.

Protection
The security of computer hardware and its components is also necessary for the overall protection of data. If a stand-alone system contains some important or classified information, it should be kept under constant surveillance. Locking system for a desktop and a security chain for a laptop are basic security devices for your machine. Certain disk locks are available in various sizes, which control the removal of the CPU cover protecting internal components of the system.
For example, you will find disk/tape drive lock, computer case lock with cable and padlock, security cables, etc. A disk lock guards all the internal access points located on the CPU and protects them.
Software Security

Network Security
Computer networks are an integral part of any organization these days, as they facilitate the free flow of data and services to the authorized users. However, such networks also pose a security threat in case the data is classified and confidential, thus making network security a vital necessity.

Threats
As the data is available only for authorized users, it is possible for hackers to pretend to be one, by providing the correct user name and password. Computer network security can be disrupted or encroached.
Denial of Service
Denial-of-service is meant to disable a computer or a network and can be executed with limited resources. It is one of the most common forms of attacks by hackers and can effectively disable the whole network of an organization. Denial of service attack makes a computer resource unavailable to its intended user.
To carry out this kind of attack, hackers generally flood a network or the access routers with bogus traffic. They also make attempts to disrupt connections between two machines and prevent individuals from accessing a service.
trojan horse virus program
Trojan Horse
Trojan horse is common and one of the most potential threats to computer security. They are malicious and security-breaking programs, disguised as something which is considered as non-malicious by the security software. They are a useful tool for hackers who try to break into private networks. Hackers generally attach Trojan horse to a file, which triggers a virus or remotely controlled software, giving the hacker complete control over the computer.
Viruses and Worms
Viruses and worms are well-known for their destructive nature and the property of replicating themselves. They are basically pieces of computer program codes, which are written by hackers and other computer geniuses.
Sniffing
Sniffing is the act of intercepting TCP/IP packets while they are getting transferred on a network. The interception generally takes place through simple eavesdropping done by a hacker.
Protection

Firewall
It is one of the most essential type of network security in today’s world of Internet. Firewall is a filter that prevents fraud websites from accessing your computer and damaging the data. However, a firewall is not a great option for securing the servers on the Internet because the main objective of a server is granting access to unknown users to connect to various web pages.

Security Software
Along with firewall, try installing a good anti-virus and security software to enhance the security level of your computer system.
Data Security
Threat
Although uncommon, hardware malfunction can prove to be a major threat to your data in the computer. The life span of hard disks is always limited because of surrounding factors and this can amount to a severe loss of all your files saved on the disk, if there is no proper backup of those files made on any other system.
Protection

Keep Backup
It is important to avoid data and information loss in case of hard disk crashes. The only solution is to regularly keep backups of all the data on other media such as magnetic tapes, CD-ROM, etc. It is a good practice to store the media off-site and in case of a disk crash, restore the information from the backup media onto the new disk.

In case a backup media is not affordable, one should try to store the files on at least two different media devices. These media devices should be systematically kept at a place which is safe and secured, as the information contained may be confidential. People usually have backup for database files, spreadsheet files and large documents. As the technical constraints are always there, it is better to take regular backups, in order to avoid any loss of information.
Clean-up Software
Install a software program on your computer that will clear all the old, unused files and registry keys. It will also help to detect malware and save your computer from a severe damage caused by it. Keep your system in the loop of latest updates and security alerts or else, it will become vulnerable to security threats.
It is important to keep a record of technical support consultants and software documentations, like manuals and guides to make them accessible to the staff members of the company.

Choosing Security Software

A couple of months ago the government released the findings from a ‘cybersecurity review’ that was performed over the course of 60 days. The statistics showed that in 2008, online criminals stole nearly $1 trillion worth of intellectual property taken from businesses around the world. In the past two years, online crimes have cost American businesses upwards of $8 billion.

Hackers have developed increasingly sophisticated means of tampering with the Web, including infecting or pirating critical software applications in both public and private sectors of business. Traditional security measures have protected software only by using passive activities such as encrypting files or hiding programs behind firewalls and security perimeters. The problem with passive approaches is that they provide just a single defense layer that experienced hackers can dispose of quickly, leaving applications with no protection once that security level is breached.

The Internet obviously has opened up new markets and business opportunities, but it has also provided for the rapid dissemination of malware, different types of viruses, and compromised applications that can bring business to a halt. With companies increasing global distributions and online sales, and increasing numbers of businesses conducting operations online, the risk to transactions and software is growing exponentially. Securing the perimeter of a network, application, or system is no longer sufficient in today’s distributed computing environment. To safeguard their intellectual property, companies need to adopt new approaches that integrate security directly into software and data.

To succeed in IP protection, security software must be durable and resilient. Protection methods currently used―authenticating users, specifying user privileges, and transaction verification―are easy for experienced hackers to get around because they are a single yes/no point of decision. Such individual decision points result in single failure points, which allows hackers to create tools of attack that are rapidly distributed throughout the Internet. Protection schemes must be renewed and updated to maintain immunity against the experienced hackers gain every time they successfully breach security.

Security solutions should be user-friendly so that users can tailor the software to fit their specific business requirements for their individual environment. The solutions should also be free of performance penalties, so that developers do not have to choose between the amount of performance they get and the amount of the application that is secured. Also, security approaches should be friendly toward developers, because providing security at the code level is expensive and labor-intensive. In addition, code-level security measures will not be reusable, so ongoing expenses will be high.

Successful protection of your IP requires a balanced, careful evaluation of the various approaches available, and then selection of the one that will provide you with the maximum defense against hackers. If you keep these requirements in mind while making your selection, then the next time a hacker tries to worm his/her way into your mission-critical applications, your IT administrator will receive prompt notification in real time, and will be able to respond appropriately to protect your network and systems. Thwarting hackers isn’t as daunting a challenge if you prepare yourself ahead of time, and ensure that you have the proper protection in place.

Backup Xbox 360 Games on DVDs

If you wish to make a copy of your favorite Xbox 360 game(s), the standard disk burning software on your PC might not be of much help. You will need some special tools to get this job done. In this article, we show you how you can burn copies of your Xbox 360 games onto blank DVDs.
Nowadays, there are a variety of gaming and entertainment devices available in the market. One such device is the Xbox 360, which is manufactured by Microsoft Corporation, and has a wide user base worldwide. This highly advanced gaming console is a tough competitor to Sony’s PlayStation and Nintendo’s Wii. Along with entertaining users with games having high-end graphics, it can also be used as a music and video player to watch TV shows, view photos, and other similar applications.

When it comes to advanced consoles such as the Xbox 360, gaming is the most prominent aspect. The games are usually available on disks, which is a very convenient method of distribution. However, using these disks again and again causes significant wear and tear on them, ultimately rendering them unreadable. It is therefore better to make a backup copy in order to avoid having to repurchase the same game again.

However, making a copy is easier said than done. If you try to burn Xbox 360 games using a standard DVD burning application, it won’t serve the purpose at all. This is because, these specialized game discs have ‘copyright protection’ active, which does not allow one to directly make a copy. But there is a way around this, which lets you make backup copies of your favorite games.

Burning Xbox 360 Games

Those wanting to burn Xbox 360 games should do it for the sole purpose of taking a backup of the game. Remember, distributing copyright protected game discs for profit is illegal, and doing so can have you facing legal penalties.

If you want to burn backup copies of Xbox 360 games, you will necessarily have to purchase and download a game copying software from the Internet. You also have the option of getting a licensed application from your local computer store that would do the job. These software are designed to recognize copyright protected data, copy it, and burn it on an empty disk.

There are many different game duplication software available online as well as in computer stores. If you download/purchase a good one, you will not only be able to burn Xbox 360 games, but also games for Nintendo Wii, PSP, PlayStation, PC games, and other advanced gaming consoles.

Good Game Copying Software

The following are a few popular software programs that you can download from the Internet to make copies of your Xbox 360 game disks.

-Slysoft CloneCD
-Easy Backup Wizard
-BlindWrite
-Game-Cloner
-Game Copy Monster
-Game Copy Wizard

How to Burn Xbox 360 Games

Burning Xbox 360 games is actually quite simple and straightforward. Most of these software function in a very standard manner, much similar to a DVD burning application.

After downloading one from the web, or purchasing one from your local computer store, you need to install it on your computer system. After the installation is complete, open its interface. If you have any difficulties regarding the working of the software, you can refer to the help file on the interface.

Now, put the Xbox game disc in the DVD drive, after which it will be recognized, and a duplicate copy will be made. Once this process is complete, remove the original game disc and insert a blank DVD in the drive. It is advisable to use a dual layer blank DVD.

After the blank DVD is inserted, the game copying application will burn an image of the game on it. When the burning process is complete, you will have a copy of the original Xbox 360 game. You can burn all your favorite games in this manner.

Be it any kind of game of any gaming console, to burn a copy you will inevitably require a game copying application that will recognize copyright protected data from original game disc. Again, remember that duplicated game DVDs are only for personal use and not for redistribution.

Copy PS3 Games to a Hard Drive

The Sony Playstation 3 is one of the best gaming consoles ever produced till date, with several features that include a 3.2 GHz CPU, a 320 GB hard drive, and a top-of-the-line graphics card. What sets it apart is the range of PlayStation 3 (PS3) games, which are mind-boggling and severely addictive to say the least.

Virtual reality was never so alluring, as it is today, in this age of seventh-generation gaming consoles. With the amount of money you pay for buying PS3 games, it’s essential that you back them up on your hard drive or burn them on other drives.

You need to know that all PS3 game disks are now available only as Blu-ray discs. So the DVD writer, installed on your computer is useless, as far as copying them to a hard drive is concerned. You need to install a Blu-ray writer to be able to access the files on these game disks.

Another issue is the fact that copying these games to your hard drive and making copies is a violation of copyright.

I shall discuss the procedure for copying, in good faith, that you plan to use this information to back up your games. Any attempts to sell or distribute their copies is considered illegal.

Copying the Games to Your Hard Drive

Even if you have to just copy these games to a hard drive and not make copies, you will need to get a Blu-ray writer to read the files and a special software that can override the write protection to copy the files.

There are several software programs that can get past the copyright protection and copy the games onto your computer hard drive. One of the most programs used for the purpose is ‘Easy Backup Wizard’, which comes with a price tag of USD 59, but it’s currently available for a discounted price of USD 29. Another program that you could use is ImgBurn. Download any one of these programs and install it on your PC. Also install the Blu-ray writer hardware, if you don’t have it already. Get a few blank Blu-ray disks too.

Once this is done, load the Blu-ray disc and open the Easy Backup Wizard software. Use the copying features provided in it, to back up the game on your computer hard drive. Once you have copied the game to the hard drive, use the same program to burn the games on to another Blu-ray disk. With that, your objective has been accomplished.

Though it may cost you a lot to just get hold of the Blu-ray writer, considering the amount of money you spend on the original game disks, it is definitely worth the effort. Just keep in mind, what I talked about, right at the start. Use the copyright override software only to back up your games and do not resort to selling those Blu-ray disks, as it is seen as piracy, which is punishable by law.